Social construction of crime and deviance

If these laws are broken, the act is then seen as a crime. Therefore the non-criminalisation of rape in marriage could be used as an example to suggest that crime is socially constructed, i.

The Social Construction of Crime and Deviance.

Crime can be seen as a social construction as what is legal or illegal in one society or culture may not be in another, the same can be said of deviance. For instance, rape within marriage was legal until in England and Wales Baldock, J. To convey the point that not all deviance is criminal, Macionis and Plummer describe the people who disturb health norms as ill, sexual norms as perverts and religious norms as heretics.

Social norms and values vary significantly across different cultures, religions and societies. One may argue that this is down to the vast majority of politicians in high levels of government being upper class males. From a feminist point of view for example, it is argued that criminal law is mainly ignorant of the sexual and physical violence against women.

However, it is evident that crime is socially constructed, as society formally chooses which norms to legally obey by passing them into law. To refer back to the point of those with power deciphering which acts are criminal, it can also be argued that those with power e.

Although some acts of deviance are criminal, it is the breaking of all social norms, whether criminal or not, which makes them deviant and therefore sets a clear distinction between crime and deviance. To define the difference between crime and deviance in a much more simple way; crime is the breaking of legal norms, while deviance is the breaking of social norms.

However it is important when discussing crime to take into account a number of issues which raise some serious questions regarding the way crime is viewed in society. As someone who is ill is not seen as a criminal by society, this perfectly shows how not all deviance from social norms is criminal.

Looking into questions such as, who makes the rules of society laws and why, is vital as any answer to this question is underpinned by discussion on social power, political power, class difference and the way crime is socially constructed.

However it can be argued that when one thinks of acts which are criminal in one place yet are not in another, that crime is a social construction. Icomment on Crime is socially constructed. This argument about social power supports the view that crime is socially constructed.

Not all violations of social norms criminal. This argument may help to explain why different societies and governments create different laws in different places, the answer being that other governments may have different agendas which suit the social order of their society.

To put it simply, crime is constructed by the use of social laws, and the decisions of those with power, to make some of these social laws into criminal laws. While discussing crime as a social construction it is also important to differentiate between crime and deviance.

What does this mean and how does it differ from deviance?This course offers an advanced examination of the processes involved in the social construction of crime and deviance from the perspectives of critical theory, structural conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism.

It looks at the role of citizens, legislators, police, courts, welfare agencies. Crime and deviance are social constructs that vary according to the definitions of crime, the forms and effectiveness of policing, the social characteristics of criminals, and the relations of power that structure society.

Baldock defines Social construction as the means in which crime and deviance in society can be formulated and fashioned by society, as well as social.

Define the concepts of 'crime' and 'deviance'; Describe what is meant by the term 'social construction' and provide examples; Evaluate the view that. Crime can be seen as a social construction as what is legal or illegal in one society or culture may not be in another, the same can be said of deviance.

Crime is repeatedly conveyed as a ‘physical fact’ (Baldock, J. et al. ) by the government or media. Social Construction of Crime. Social Construction of Crime The obvious definition of crime is the legal definition of an act which breaks the law.

It is a social construction as it varies across culture, time and law. Crime is defined by a society's own rules, norms and beliefs at any given time in history.

Social construction of crime and deviance
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