Political science terms and definitions

The Roman Republic was the original precedent for republicanism.

Vocabulary: Political Words

Sometimes includes a Bill of Rights. A state election in which party members vote for a candidate from within their party. Derived from a fable about a group of mice who decide the best way to be warned when the cat is near is for someone to place a bell around its neck, only to find there are no volunteers to perform that task.

Otherwise known as the unthinking vote. Short for "photo opportunity," an event staged specifically for news cameras to help a politician appear in magazines and newspapers, on television, or online Platform: The American Political science terms and definitions of Nevada is a bellwether state for presidential elections in that, with only one exception, it has voted the same as the whole country for a century.

Founded in to stimulate world trade and economic progress, a group of 34 first world countries, committed to democracy and the market economy, who organise mutual plans to maintain taxation conventions and fiscal stability, combat corruption and bribery as well as other endeavours such as annual publications on the world economic outlook.

Term originated by British politician and author, Benjamin Disraeli. Term derived by author O. The government can only call a DD election in specific situations as laid out by the Constitution.

An idea a politician suggests in order to observe the reaction. The labeling system originated from the seating pattern of the French National Assembly, which put liberals on the left, moderates in the middle, and conservatives on the right.

Term derives from pirate ships who would fly flags of friendly countries so as to entice target ships. A cooperative effort by two political parties Bleeding Heart: Nightmare vision of society beyond that of even a failed, dysfunctional state, where the system is actually planned by those in power, creating, most often, a totalitarian society.

Opposite to the Inquisitorial system where a judge or panel of judges call evidence and interrogate witnesses, as exists in many European countries.

The sort of place where behind-the-scenes political wheeling and dealing, often devious, occurs. A wealthy patron would then often bribe the constituents to elect whomever he would so choose. Georgism Nineteenth century philosophy created by American economist Henry George which advocated that things found in nature, such as land, always remains property of the state.

Like a chef who adds ginger to spice up a meal, a number of people who ginger up and motivate the organisation to act in a certain direction on one or a number of issues. As compared to consequentialism, where an act is judged by its consequences the ends justify the meansD.

Politics controlled by a tightly-run organization that stresses discipline and rewards its supporters. The government of the United States is a democracy established by the Constitution.

Permitted when the voter would be absent on election day. Derived from original American Press Association offices which happened to be housed next to a sheet-iron processing plant, and third rate, filler, news articles issued became known as B.

political science

Examples would be appointing: Someone who predicts calamitous events if specific policy decisions are not undertaken, but whom are generally ignored. When asked by a police officer to clear the street, most Americans will do so because they respect the right of the officer to use power.

In the USA those who choose to vote must repeatedly enrol for every election. Now taken to be synonymous with parliamentary government. An investigation with no defined purpose, often by one party seeking damaging information about another. Over time the authority of A.

Robson Rotation An electoral method practised in places such as Tasmania where multiple printings of ballot papers are made so as to rotate the first spot equally amongst all the candidates.

The undecided, usually independent, portion of the electorate that can "swing" the outcome of an election one way or the other Trial Balloon: An electoral system combining SMV and PR voting, which allows individual electorates but removes their usual disproportional effects. Were given the name by the privileged aristocracy and wealthy traders who feared their estates would be levelled.

The mass of Americans whose opinions are not loud and public, but who together have enormous power. The shape of one new district supposedly resembled a salamander, provoking a Boston newspaper editor to say, "Salamander?

French derogatory term for a socialist in theory who still maintains a luxurious lifestyle. Rather than the usual 40 Senate seats being up for election a so called half-Senate electionthe full complement of 76 seats are vacated and thus the state quota to win a seat drops from R is deemed to protect the citizenry from the excesses of their rulers.

The office of the Ombudsman itself has no power to penalise, although in some jurisdictions the Ombudsman can launch criminal prosecutions. Once a party has won a set minimum of local elections, it is granted those seats, together with bonus seats which would bring it up to its due proportion of seats as per its percentage of national votes won from the second vote.

The right to exercise political power over a group of people or a geographical area.Basic Terms and Concepts of Political Science - Chapter Summary Political science is a broad field of study. These lessons will introduce you to foundational ideas and definitions within the.

Political science definition is - a social science concerned chiefly with the description and analysis of political and especially governmental institutions and processes.

How to use political science in a. Intro to Political Science (Ch. ) some definitions taken from textbook Understanding Politics (Magsadt) others from tests. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Learn definitions and terms political science with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of definitions and terms political science flashcards on Quizlet.

Addressing various aspects of democracy in political science. Political Science Glossary. Terms and definitions as used in early twenty-first-century Political Science in the United States of America.

Political science terms and definitions
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