Before then, words were often spelt phonetically as they sound and in local dialects. Martha Ballard used superscript to shorten words.
Her schooling as a girl began before the American Revolution. Many samplers survive today. There are two aspects to reading handwritten historic documents: Interchangeable i and j. It is much harder to read a document if you do not know what kind of document it is.
Reading Detail from illuminated agreement concerning 13 poor knights of Windsor When reading modern text, we generally identify whole words at a glance.
Forms of abbreviation in common use - A minim is a single downstroke of the pen. But in old handwriting, particularly in cursive handswhere the writer was writing very quickly and possibly not forming the joining strokes, they can be very hard to tell apart.
Use of two consonants where you would find one in modern English, such as allways - always. The resources below generally focus on the first aspect — understanding the letters in the cursive script.
Many of the signatures on wills and other legal documents were signed by a court clerk, while the person made his or her "mark. The Leading "s" One of the most dramatic changes in letters has been the letter "s. Use your common sense - even if a word really does look like thmg, no such word exists, so it must be thing.
Look at this sentence: In this case it is important to look in a good dictionary, as the word may be one which has fallen out of modern use.
Look at this word: Most Black slaves were kept illiterate as a means of social control. When you expand a word which was abbreviated in the original text see abbreviation section put the letters that you have added in square brackets [ ].
Use of a single consonant where you would find two in modern English, such as al - all. Also, the further back we go - the harder it is to read.
The lower case s was written in elongated form at the beginning of a word, in the middle of a word, and when written twice, as in pass. Typically, fewer women than men could read. Cambridge University also has an excellent palaeography tutorial that breaks down the alphabet by letter for old English documents see image below.
As a writing female who kept a diary, Martha Ballard was unusual for her time. Shortened versions of words were indicated by beginning the word in regular-sized letters and ending with superscript letters, maybe with a line underneath where the missing letters would be.
Maybe half of those could write. It was felt that most women did not need to know how to write, nor did farmers, artisans, non-whites, and the lower classes. Be prepared to tackle an old document letter by letter if necessary.
After the American Revolution, the idea of Republican Motherhood invited more schooling for females. Sometimes fresh eyes will see what you do not.How to Read 18 th Century British-American Writing: Some Characteristics of 18 th Century British-American Handwriting Steps in Deciphering Handwritten Documents Excerpts from The American Young Man’s Best Companion.
18 th "Flourishing Alphabet" "German Hand". W elcome to BYU's Script Tutorial. This website offers guidance in the deciphering of documents written in handwr iti ng styles or alphabets no longer in general use. historians, genealogists, and indexers – learn more about old scripts and how to make use of that knowle dge to analyze and int erpret the past.
The concentration is on. Latin alphabet, as were old English, French, Italian, and Spanish scripts, individual letters of and Raquel Klammer, a graduate student in German literature. from Deciphering Handwriting in German Docu-ments: Analyzing German, Latin, and French in Vital Records Written in Germany, by Dr.
Roger Minert. The “Names” page gives. Old handwriting, deciphering old handwriting, reading old documents.
An online interactive tutorial to teach how to read old handwriting and learn about the subject and skills of palaeography. Skip to Content; Where to start. Quick reference. Interactive tutorial. Further practice. Game - ducking stool.
Further reading Use of the Old English 'th' letter, called a thorn, which looks like a 'y'. Five Tips for Deciphering Old Handwriting.
December 5, Write out the alphabet using the scribe’s handwriting. Make a cheat sheet of sorts, creating each letter the way the scribe does.
This is even more common when an ancestor in a record was an immigrant from a non-English-speaking country.
The German surname Schneider .Download