Saul McLeodpublished Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Since data to be collected and examined includes organizational documents, the researcher states his intent to request copies of these documents, and plans for storage, classification, and retrieval of these items, as well as the interview and survey data.
Applying the Case Study Method to an Electronic Community Network By way of example, we apply these six steps to an example study of multiple participants in an electronic community network.
Investigators must also be aware that they are going into the world of real human beings who may be threatened or unsure of what the case study will bring. Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, Case study approach to research all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved ibid.
These are condensed case studies performed before implementing a large scale investigation. The diversity of approaches subsequently adds diversity to definition and description. A key strength of the case study method involves using multiple sources and techniques in the data gathering process.
The advantages of the case study method are its applicability to real-life, contemporary, human situations and its public accessibility through written reports. These experiments, with the benefit of hindsight, seem self-evident.
YIN suggests careful screening in the selection of cases to ensure specific relevance to the issues of interest and the use of replication logic: In those cases, the investigator conducts follow-up focused interviews to confirm or correct the initial data in order to tie the evidence to the findings and to state relationships in answer to the research questions.
Collect Data in the Field The researcher must collect and store multiple sources of evidence comprehensively and systematically, in formats that can be referenced and sorted so that converging lines of inquiry and patterns can be uncovered. Ethnography is the description, interpretation, and analysis of a culture or social group, through field research in the natural environment of the group being studied.
For example, YIN discusses case study research and in the context of presenting case study, refers to it as a research method while emphasizing the procedures used.
Bounding the case is essential to focusing, framing, and managing data collection and analysis.
The literature review, definition of the purpose of the case study, and early determination of the potential audience for the final report guide how the study will be designed, conducted, and publicly reported.
Renegotiation of arrangements with the objects of the study or addition of questions to interviews may be necessary as the study progresses.
YIN himself describes his approach to case study as using a "realist perspective" p. Rather, it was a matter of a single experiment, that is, a case study.
By selecting cases strategically in this manner one may arrive at case studies that allow generalization. A comparative case study. The investigator reviews the purpose of the study with the entire Board, schedules individual interview times with as many Board members as can cooperate, confirms key contact data, and requests that all Board members respond to the written survey which will be mailed later.
The subject is the "practical, historical unity" through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed. One of the disadvantages is the fact that their design is inflexible. We end with a summary of the common characteristics of case study research and a table that brings together the fundamental elements that we found common in all case study approaches to research.
These are, to a differentiable degree, similar to the case study in that many contain reviews of the relevant literature of the topic discussed in the thorough examination of an array of cases published to fit the criterion of the report being presented. Exemplary case studies prepare good training programs for investigators, establish clear protocols and procedures in advance of investigator field work, and conduct a pilot study in advance of moving into the field in order to remove obvious barriers and problems.
Over the last 50 years, case study has been re-established as a credible, valid research design that facilitates the exploration of complex issues. While objectivity is a goal, YIN also recognizes the descriptive and interpretive elements of case study. The air pump made it possible to conduct the ultimate experiment, known by every pupil, whereby a coin or a piece of lead inside a vacuum tube falls with the same speed as a feather.
Researchers need to anticipate key problems and events, identify key people, prepare letters of introduction, establish rules for confidentiality, and actively seek opportunities to revisit and revise the research design in order to address and add to the original set of research questions.The case study as a type of qualitative research Abstract: This article presents the case study as a type of qualitative research.
Its aim is to give a provides a thorough overview of the design and methods in case study research as a guidance for students, researchers, and professionals who are trying to in. Case study as a research method Abstract Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after.
This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of case studies as a research.
The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for case mint-body.com: Saul Mcleod.
Your case could challenge this assumption by applying an innovative theoretical framework [perhaps borrowed from another discipline] to the study a case in order to explore whether this approach offers new ways of understanding the research problem.
Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods [Robert K. Yin] on mint-body.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Recognized as one /5(14).
We felt case study research was important to define because it is a common approach in healthcare research. In part, this may be because the units of interest in healthcare research (patient, practice, health system) can often be easily bounded and seen by the researcher as a case.Download